Other titles by Felix Dennis: Muhammad Ali: the Glory Years (co-authored with Don Atyeo). A Glass Half Full. Lone Wolf. First published in Great Britain How to Get Rich The Mother of All Advice Trust in God and be true to yourself. — Mary Trump, my Rich Dad, Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About. Editorial Reviews. From Publishers Weekly. This is not your usual get-rich-quick manual. . How to Get Rich by Felix Dennis was recommended to me by an adviser that I trust. Since I grew up in my career in high tech at the same time as Mr.
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His desk was entirely swamped by tottering piles of Which leads us to a note of caution. Those who can never be rich may How to get rich felix. Felix dennis how to make money pdf. 1. Note that the title calls it “building” a blog, not “lying in ahammock while the blog makes you rich. 'Making money is a knack, a knack that can be acquired. And if someone like me can become rich, then so can you - no matter what your present circumstances.
You have to persuade yourself that you absolutely don't care what happens. If you don't care, you've won. I absolutely promise you, in every serious negotiation, the man or woman who doesn't care is going to win. You give the impression that you're willing to walk away Not give the impression.
Walk away. No deal is a must-do deal. You write about the need to be ruthless in business, sharpening the "sliver of ice" that you say is inside every successful entrepreneur. But you write poetry and seem like a nice guy. How do we reconcile that? Because you only need to really be that way in very serious negotiations. On a few occasions. Maybe on 20 or 25 occasions in my business life, and I've been at this for 40 years. You shouldn't go around the world behaving ruthlessly when you don't have to.
Sometimes you do have to. There is only so much pie to go around. If you're going to take more than your fair share of pie, as socialists would look at it, then someone else is not getting his. That means you've got to take it away from them. Last year you sold the U.
Is this your endgame? Are "lad" magazines -- or all magazines -- a fading business? I think I've sold about 60 magazines in my lifetime.
To me this was just a sale of three more. I still own 50 magazines and Web sites. We have acquired a magazine since then, begun a joint venture launching five ink-on-paper magazines in India, and launched e-zines that reside on your computer, including a Maxim-type e-zine called Monkey that's already making money.
It is true that magazines are going through very challenging times, but this is a very slow decline. It is not a collapse by any means, and there are still huge sums to be made. And then after all the work, you want to give your money away before you die?
Don't forget to give it all away. And, if you can, develop another passion other than your business. If I had started writing poetry when I was 30 instead of when I was 53, I would have been a better businessperson, and I would not have succumbed to the idiocy I did in the middle of my journey, where I threw about millions because I had nothing better to do.
In the irritating disposition of rich women to haggle in an Oxfam shop over a designer dress - unlike any working-class woman, who would be horrified at the thought of doing any such thing, even though she perhaps needs the discount while the rich woman does not. You can see it, too, in the way the children of the rich appear to assume that the world was created entirely for their sole benefit. Money brings a kind of insouciance with it.
It is among wealth's least attractive characteristics. Here is Richard Rumbold, an English republican 'conspirator', speaking from the scaffold in I never could believe that Providence had sent a few men into the world, ready booted and spurred to ride, and millions ready saddled and bridles to be ridden.
And neither, gentle reader, could I. I never could believe that. Whatever qualities the rich may have, they can be acquired by anyone with the tenacity to become rich. The key, I think, is confidence. Confidence and an unshakeable belief it can be done and that you are the one to do it.
Tunnel vision helps. Being a bit of a shit helps. A thick skin helps. Stamina is crucial, as is a capacity to work so hard that your best friends mock you, your lovers despair and the rest of your acquaintances watch furtively from the sidelines, half in awe and half in contempt.
Luck helps - but only if The answer to the question, then, is perhaps this: The first is the claim that people did not set out to get rich but became rich by 'accident'. It may have happened. But very rarely in my experience.
Some people are merely better at disguising desire, that's all. Others, usually not those you would care to spend a vacation with, have a naked lust for money stamped on their features, evident in even their most common- place conversations.
But a capacity for disguise and dissimulation doesn't alter the fact that the vast majority of the self-made rich worked, secretly or openly, like billy-o to acquire their wealth. The second myth is that people got rich by having a 'great idea'. While this is a more feasible hypothesis than having got rich by accident, it is a trap, because it is a partial truth.
All of us have had great ideas from time to rime. I have had a great idea for a kind of Spiderman gun that would shoot out a sticky web at a burglar in your house and disable them without harming them. Will it get made? Probably not. The follow-through, the execution, is a thousand times more important than a 'great idea'.
In fact, if the execution is perfect, it sometimes barely matters what the idea is. If you want to get rich, don't sit around waiting for inspiration to strike. Just get busy getting rich. Thirdly, and lastly, I think that perhaps the most destructive myth about becoming rich lies in remarks like: But times have moved on. You couldn't do it that way today. Times change, but human nature, the lure of wealth and the determination to acquire it remain a shining constant in the world of ambitious men and women.
The example of others not even born in the s is all around you. They prove such thinking to be false. If you think that it can't be done and dwell on that thought too long, then you are likely to remain poor.
It's as simple as that. Yes I wrote it - but that particular poem is more in the way of a nursery rhyme. And I began this book with a poem to demonstrate that becoming rich has given me the most precious thing in life.
And just what is the most precious thing in life that riches can supply? Easy For me, it's Time. Time to read and write poetry if I want to. Or to write a book if it takes my fancy. Time to travel on the slightest whim, to walk in the woods, to think, to commission art, to read, to drink, to hang out with friends and loved ones That's what money can do.
That's why you picked this book up. To make the money to do what the hell you want. Now I suggest you flip the page and read the poem that follows - even if you do not normally read poetry it's worth a couple of minutes of study.
The Upside-Down Pyramid for Getting Rich
Its subject is the destructive power of a certain type of envy. Then skip to the Introduction, where we can discuss just how rich you want to be. What's it like then, being rich, Knitting gold to warm an itch? Very much like being poor; Wealth is just a key, no more. Why not share this magic key To luxury - and start with me!
Surely better that you earn it; Could I trust you to return it? How does one become your ilk? Is it bred in mothers' milk? Many paths can lead to riches, Few in sunlight, most in ditches. Wherein lies the difference From us - this odd ambivalence? Envy, malice, obligations; Toadying from poor relations. Grown far richer than his neighbour, Why would any rich man labour? Wealth is salt in wine immersed. Quaffing but excites the thirst.
Salt my arse! It's filthy greed - How many homes does one man need? For some the trick's in trading it; For others, in parading it. I've seen. But surely, comfort pales Perched on padded Chippendales?
When affluence holds no surprise, Wonders come in others' eyes.
Aye, the eyes of tart and whore! What might you miss, if you were poor? Time, The luxury of choices. First editions. Old Rolls-Royces, What's a thousand dollars? Mere chicken feed, A poultry matter. But a price probably worth paying for those who absolutely, positively - even desperately - wish to be rich. Not super-rich, mind you. Not filthy, stinking rich. This book cannot assist anyone who aspires to the Bill Gates or Duke of Westminster leagues.
No book can do that and that is not our concern here. Bill's vast fortune, I would suggest, did not arise simply from the implementation of good ideas or the fulfilment of any single vision. It derives from deep within Bill Gates - and we'll come on to that later. The duke, of course, inherited his massive fortune.
His job is to safeguard that fortune for succeeding generations of dukes, especially from the predations of greedy tax collectors and spendthrift governments.
I do not envy him such a task. It must be weary work, labouring for descendants he will never meet. The duke, then, is massively asset rich and relatively cash poor. Relatively, mind. No pun intended.
We'll come on to that later in this chapter. Relative wealth is a fascinating subject. No, this book is about becoming one of the common or garden rich - world-class footballer rich; or J. Rowling rich; or rich enough to stop looking at the price of almost anything that takes your fancy. Rich enough to retire, or to work eighteen hours a day, or drink yourself into oblivion every night — if that's what you want.
He's Not That Complicated™ PDF, eBook by Sabrina Alexis & Eric Charles
Rich enough to smile sweetly or sneer at bank managers, depending on what you had for breakfast that morning; to turn your relatives green with poorly concealed jealousy while they creep around with their hands out; rich enough to download a massive yacht I don't advise it, though and sail away into the sunset like the Owl and the Pussycat for years on end.
Rich enough to live where you want, to go where you want, to do what you want, to meet who you want. Rich enough to download the only two things apart from health and love worth fussing about in life. And the option of not having to be in any particular place on any particular day doing any particular thing in order to pay the rent or the mortgage. And rich enough to begin to worry about taxes. To begin the process of employing that vast army of lawyers, accountants, advisors and estate plan- ners who will descend upon you like uninvited vultures after a battle.
A group to whom, even though you pay them tens and tens of thousands of pounds a year, you will be forever in thrall.
That large yacht and the sailing - away plan is looking better by the minute, isn't it! Certainly rich enough for people to respect you - but in a peculiar way. Not in the way we respect people who do really tough, worthwhile jobs - those who nurse dying children or teach for a living. And certainly not the respect earned by heroines and heroes like Marie Curie or Nelson Mandela. Money in sufficient quantities garners a different kind of respect for its owner, a difference rooted in the nature of envy.
Few of us have the courage to nurse dying children or to spend decades in prison fighting tyranny. And we do not envy those who can do such things, even as we look up to them. On the other hand, nearly all of us want money. We feel free to envy the rich. And most of us believe, rightly or wrongly, that we would be pertectly able to cope with the pressures associated with acquiring too much money.
The more thoughtful among us might conclude that we would be able do a lot of good with it, as well as making ourselves and our families secure. Ask yourself this: Personally, I cannot. And I'm willing to bet you can't either. So how rich is rich? The value of money changes inexorably over time, even in decades and centuries of low inflation.
Economists and historians now have so many methods of evaluating the comparative worth of money over long periods that the exercise has become virtually meaningless to all but specialists. Meaningless because of the changes in the quality and range of goods avail- able, the earning power of immediate and foreign neighbours, the impor- tance or otherwise of the preservation of ancestral assets like land and art, and a host of other factors.
So let's ignore all that and plump for 'downloading power' in the last quar- While you might not have been a millionaire technically back then, you would certainly have been the equiv- alent of one by today's standards. So how rich is rich in the first decade of the 21st century? The following table is based on tax-paid cash-in-band or assets that can be swiftly reduced to cash - publicly traded stocks and shares, bank drafts, gold, etc.
It takes no account of assets that take time to realise without incur- ring loss in a "fire sale' - your home, property, land, shares held in private companies, pension funds or fixed bonds.
It also assumes you have low debt and live in a Western democracy. Table 1: Such people have too much respect for their fortunes to leave that kind of change floating around in quick-release assets or cash.
In addition, the reduction of any asset to cash very often leads to the imposition of capital gains tax - the equivalent of the Black Death to the truly rich. If I had to find that kind of money, I would have to borrow it, and then sell assets to repay the debt. As far as the total asset value or true net worth of a person is concerned as opposed to quickly realisable net worth , the numbers arc very different.
And different for a variety of reasons. Pardy because of capital gains tax and other levies. Partly because death leads to death duties. Pardy because of planned inheritance schemes and donations to trusts and charities. And mostly, because few rich people can know their true net worth until all dicir major assets are sold off. It sounds crazy, but the richer you are and the more financial advisors you employ, the less likelihood there is that you can ever discover what you are really worth.
It's a nice problem to have, but it is still a problem. This is why so many rich people distrust the 'rich lists' and league tables of wealth published every so often in newspapers and magazines.
We know that if we cannot calculate our true net worth, and if our paid armies of accountants cannot agree upon a figure, then compilers of lists and financial journalists certainly cannot do so with any real accuracy. In the words of the art collector and oil billionaire John Paul Getty: Above a certain limit, it doesn't really matter to them how rich they are - give or take the odd miser and the odd hundred million.
That is, it ceases to matter unless you are one of the intended heirs. Then it matters. Boy, docs it matter! You might be surprised at the number of wealthy individuals who die without proper tax-planning, or even intestate - a fancy way of saying that someone has died without a legally enforceable will in place.
It is these 'intestate estates' that so please the Chancellor of the Exchequer and his minions. It you die without a legally enforceable will, chances are the taxman will gobble up a great deal of what you left behind.
This next table, then, shows my take on a person's total net worth, assuming you are not about to die, that you are prepared to take time to cash out such assets and, again, that you have low debt and live in a Western democracy. Table 2: The importance of taxation upon assets in such a table cannot be underestimated. In certain circumstances the true net worth of an individual or family might be reduced by as much as half, if little or no tax- planning has been undertaken.
So how rich do you want to be? The usual answer is 'rich enough to be happy'. But riches do not confer happiness! I have lost count of the number of friends, lovers and acquaintances I have told tiiis to, especially when I first passed seven noughts of cash in hand. I don't bother any more. The incredulous look on their face is always the same.
What they are really thinking is: But I know that I would be. Just try me! Becoming rich does not guarantee happiness. In fact, it is almost certain to impose the opposite condition - if not from the stresses and strains of protecting it, then from the guilt that inevitably accompanies its arrival. Even leaving any moral dimension - heaven, camels and the eyes of needles - out of the equation, consider at least the wise sentiments of the author James Baldwin in his book Nobody Knows My Name, in which he concluded: Money, it turned out, was exactly like sex.
You thought of nothing else if you didn't have it, and thought of other things if you did. But let's face it, you didn't download this book to be happy. You bought it in the hope it would provide pointers to becoming rich. So that's where we're aiming. For starters, anyway. At the top end of that range, you might just might, mind! Your rank then would be around ' equal' of the top 1, richest individuals and families in the UK.
Of course, all measurements are arbitrary. They are just an attempt by humans to make some kind of order out of a chaotic universe. In and of themselves, they are meaningless. Quite as valid a measurement of money as asset value or cash in the bank might be 'Availability on Request' or 'Lifetime Spending Totals'.
If you had no money yourself, but a fairy godmother gave you exactly what you needed whenever you requested it, you would never make the Sunday Times Rich List, but you would be the richest person in the world, even if you gave everything away each night.
And as for Lifetime Spending Totals LSTs as a measurement, I would love to know how much various people have spent in the course of their life - including me.
Sadly, I know I am never going to be able to figure it out, except for the certainty that I have spent hundreds of millions of dollars. My LST will have been eye-watering, I also know that because nearly all so-called 'old money' has to be protected from any one generation's carelessness, their family wealth — espe- cially property - is tied up in trust funds and entailments. In effect, many of the children born into this 'old money' are as poor as church mice, simply because they cannot get their hands on the loot.
They would have surpris- ingly low LSTs. Clean fingernails and good manners, certainly; but low life- time spending totals. Now, enough waffling about definitions. Let's get down to making some dough. Let's get rich! It becomes a nightmare. For a great many people, getting started on the road to wealth is the most difficult part. Or so they believe. The nuances of each individual case need not concern us, but the difficulties, as stated by virtually every wannabe I ever listened to on the subject, usually fall into one of three broad categories - often age related.
If young and relatively penniless, many will argue their lack of experi- ence and capital especially capital! If slightly better off and on the way up with a halfway decent job and perhaps the probability of further advancement, the problem is often considered to be the loss of what they have already achieved.
Plus the lack of capital. By the time one is a senior manager or professional, probably with a decent house, a mortgage and children, it is the risk to the security and happiness of the latter and maybe to a spouse , plus the usual lack of capi- tal, which are most often cited as insuperable difficulties to taking the plunge.
All such objections to becoming rich are spurious, no matter how sincerely held. But before dealing with each in turn, let me digress for a moment regarding upbringing, race, colour, educational qualifications and gender. I am doing so here because I do not wish to waste anybody's time. We will be touching on some of the circumstances described above shortly, but, in a nutshell, my experience has been that money is colour-blind, race-blind, sex-blind, degree-blind and couldn't care less who brought you up or in what circumstances.
Money is one of the most neutral substances on earth. Others may conspire against you obtaining it through bigotry or prejudice. But they can only succeed if you permit them to. The object of your goal, in and of itself, is non-sentient.
If you truly believe that your race, sex or upbringing can keep you from becoming rich, then you had best give up here. Either return this book to the shelf or, if you have already bought it, return it to the bookstore for a refund or give it to a friend.
You may obtain the refund or please your friend. But you will never get rich. It's the same the whole world over, It's the poor wot gets the blame, It's the rich wot gets the pleasure, Ain't it all a bleeding shame? You stand by far the best chance of becoming as rich as you please. You have an advantage that neither education nor upbringing, nor even money, can download. You have almost nothing. And therefore you have almost nothing to lose.
Yes, yes, I know you've heard all that before. But consider for a moment. Nearly all the great fortunes acquired by entrepreneurs arose because they had nothing to lose.
Nobody had bothered to tell them that such and such a thing could not be done or would be likely to fail. Or if they had been told, then they weren't listening. They were too busy proving those around them wrong - without even meaning to. Not knowing that something cannot be done, you are likely to waltz into uncharted minefields where angels before you have feared to dance.
Astonishingly, you may be fortunate enough to succeed, to some degree or another. Conventional wisdom will then be revised by those around you and the next generation will be taught that what you did can always or often be done - only to discover, when they attempt it themselves, that in reality you missed every landmine by pure, dumb luck.
Never trust the vast mountain of conventional wisdom. It contains great nuggets of wisdom, it is true.
But they lie alongside rivers of fool's gold. Conventional wisdom daunts initiative and offers far too many convenient reasons for inaction, especially for those with a great deal to lose. Fortunately Nor is a propensity for risk-taking your only advantage. You have stam- ina far, far beyond those who are twenty or thirty years older.
The stamina necessary for long, grinding hours of labour in the cause of getting rich. Stamina enough to party all night and go straight back to work for a twelve- or sixteen-hour day.
I remember such stamina fondly. You have no idea how much the stamina of the young is envied by the rest of us. Along with a degree of callousness and enviable powers of speedy recuperation from reverses, stamina is your secret weapon.
Its attributes will see you through a raft of catastrophes that would virtually annihilate older men and women. In addition, your instinctive knowledge of modern technology gives you another edge. All those hours spent playing computer or video games might not have been such a waste after all. And knowledge is power, at whatever age, whether earned by blood and tears or imbibed at a mother's breast.
Treasure that instinctive knowledge. While I knew nothing of computing and still do not , the instincts honed by countless hours of shoving money into slots forewarned me of their potential. The first few million pounds I ever trousered were a direct result of trusting instincts entirely at odds with conventional wisdom of any sort. Two immediate examples leap to mind. As we will see in more detail later, I published a series of eight-page full-colour, folded posters with head- lines and articles printed on the back and charged the same cover price as magazines with ten times that number of pages.
The result was dubbed a 'poster-magazine' and sold millions of copies around the world. Nobody had told me it couldn't be done because nobody had done it before. Similarly, as previously noted, I launched half a dozen magazines about a new fad called 'personal computing' back in the s, even though British magazine retailers and wholesalers at the time were unanimous in their belief that 'nobody will ever download them'.
Those magazines have earned me tens of millions of pounds in the last twenty-five years and are still earning me money today. Conventional wisdom is usually right. But when it is wrong, it Perhaps most importantly of all, as a young and penniless and inexperi- enced person, you are not an 'expert'. Thus you are more willing to learn than those in their thirties, forties or fifties. You are not afraid of making mistakes, admitting them when you do and getting right back on track.
Speaking of tracks, you have no track record to defend, either. Here is a pearl beyond price and - Glory Hallelujah! Anyone not busy learning is busy dying.
For as long as you foster a willingness to learn, you will ward off sclerosis of the brain and hard- ening of the mental arteries.
Curiosity has led many a man and women into the valley of serious wealth. Ambition, fearlessness, self-belief, stamina, a degree of callousness, a will- ingness to learn. These are your advantages over the middle-aged and the old. And I would have the better of the bargain, too! So what does the future hold for a young man or woman determined to become far wealthier than their parents?
Here is how I see it: The way will most likely be hard, your failures many. It will be fun and it will get a little hairy, even scary, at times. But the earlier you start and the more risks you are prepared to run, tempered by listening hard and choos- ing the right mountain we'll come to that later , the more certain it is that, sooner or later, you will find yourself with a small success on your hands.
And one success, with luck, will lead to another. If there is a single category of person for whom this book should prove the most useful, it is you: I know. I've been there. And if I was lucky enough to find a way through, then so can you. Stick with me, young brother or sister.
You are suffering from nothing more than excusable confusion and a lack of experience, conditions that will pass with time, and whose passing can be expedited by fierce determination and application.
Believe it or not, I envy each and every one of you.
How to get rich
I have a bone to pick with Fate. Come here and tell me, girlie, Do you think my mind is maturing late, Or simply rotted early? They have enough experience to know how the companies they work for function. Perhaps even how their industry functions. And they see a niche - as yet imperfectly filled. They have 'an idea'. See Chapter 5: The Fallacy of the Great Idea. Yet they hesitate. They fear losing what they have already achieved more than they desire to enrich themselves.
Personally, I am on more than famil- iar terms with this syndrome. I meet it every day, because it affects or afflicts a great many of the fine men and women who run my own compa- nies.
Perhaps even a majority of them. I employ a great many people smarter than I am. That's not false modesty. That's a stone-cold fact. The only two reasons they continue to work for me and put money into my pocket are that, on the positive side, they enjoy their work, and on the negative side, they fear losing what they have already gained - challenging work, congenial colleagues, a certain status and the promise of promotion and pay rises. They know this as well as I do.
They are far from fools, otherwise I would hardly employ them. But fear holds them back, with the exception of those rare individuals who are content with their lot. And what is fear? Nifty, but ultimately unhelpful. Similar to Shakespeare's 'Cowards die many time before their deaths: Let's leave that to the philoso- phers.
In business, in the accumulation of wealth, it is an impediment, for sure. But then, so is recklessness. No, I believe that it is the fear of failure which looms largest here.
And fear of failure is definitely something that can be dealt with, and will be dealt with at length in this book. See Chapter 3: Harnessing the Fear of Failure. Outsiders are sometimes surprised at my reaction when people in this cate- gory, the Slightly Better Off and On The Way Up, decide to leave one of my own companies and set up on their own.
I always wish them well. Not only outwardly, but in my heart, too. Often I throw a party for them. Or write glowing testimonials. Once or twice I have even underwritten their office lease or introduced them to a banker or a lawyer I trust. Why do I react that way? Three reasons. Firstly, I'm proud of them. Proud that those who work for me are brave enough, motivated enough and trained sufficiently well to go for it on their own. Boldness attracts applause, as the writer and philos- opher Goethe once remarked in doggerel: Whatever you can do, or dream you can, begin it!
Boldness has genius, power and magic in it. Secondly, it's win-win. If they fail, they may well return to our company, especially if they remember that my senior colleagues and I sincerely wished them success in their new venture. Thus, if they fail, the company will be enhanced by their return. While if they should succeed - then we will be all richer for having an old alumnus as a friendly rival in the industry, rather than having created a enemy who wishes us anything but well.
Lastly, it's because I fear them. I fear they may have spotted something we have missed, some gap in the market. I fear we may have failed to listen to them.
I fear that their new venture will grow at our expense while it poaches our personnel and our market share. And the only way to deal with fear is to cosy up to it. To took it in the eye and pump its hand.
To translate its nega- tive energy into adrenaline. To harness it. To laugh with it, rather than at it. Perhaps this could be you giving your current boss the scare of his or her life? At the very least, providing your idea or venture has serious merit, any sensible company would attempt to download you off.
Instead, he would always wait for a great idea. Then I can be really successful. But Felix Dennis says that great ideas are a dime a dozen. Execution is like running while great ideas are like great running shoes.
If you refuse to run and just hope that you would get you to your dream, obviously nothing will happen. This is probably how great entrepreneurs such as Mark Zuckerberg or Bill Gates and others became successful. The truth is while they all started somewhere, they also executed on the ideas and kept on building on them.
They executed and executed even more. Albert also feared what others would think, which stopped him from carrying out his ideas. He would get worried about the thought that his friends would make fun of him or gloat in case of failure. He also worried they might get jealous if he got successful. People will make fun of you or will gloat at your failures. You cannot stop people from talking negatively about your success or even about your failures.
Albert might have had a desire to have more money, but he did not have a compulsion. Compulsion is very much different from desire. Compulsion is way more intense than just a regular desire. In his classic book Think and Grow Rich, Napoleon Hill explained the value of having a desire, but just a desire is not enough. It should be a burning desire and obsession.
How To Get Rich
And that is compulsion. It releases so much of your energy into the system, giving you an intense focus and causing you to work much harder. It gives you great power in what you are doing.
This constant thought is then reflected on his appearance. He would always carry the look of an unlucky and sad person. You cannot carry the look of sadness and lack and expect that life will work out fine. You ultimately become the mask that you wear.No half measures. Upcoming SlideShare. You shouldn't go around the world behaving ruthlessly when you don't have to.
Conventional wisdom will then be revised by those around you and the next generation will be taught that what you did can always or often be done - only to discover, when they attempt it themselves, that in reality you missed every landmine by pure, dumb luck.
Good question. The example of others not even born in the s is all around you. Whose gonna fill this dead man's shoes?
The odds may still appear daunting, but only to those lacking sufficient guts and determination to try. It's just an excuse for not confronting their fear of failing. In the early times, Greek theater actors would put on the masks of characters they were portraying.